Payroll tax is a tax payable on wages. Wages can be taxable or exempt, depending on the circumstances.
1. Adoption, maternity and paid parental leave
An exemption applies to maternity or adoption leave paid in addition to an employee’s normal leave entitlements. You can read about how the exemption works and how it interacts with the Commonwealth Government's Paid Parental Leave scheme.
Annual, sick, recreation, long service or any similar leave taken while the employee is absent due to pregnancy is not exempt.
Note: payments made under the Commonwealth Government’s paid parental leave scheme are not to be treated as wages for payroll tax purposes.
2. Contributions to redundancy benefit schemes/portable long service leave funds
An exemption applies to contributions made by employers to a portable long service leave scheme as long as those contributions are not taxable for fringe benefit tax (FBT) purposes.
The same exemption applies to contributions made by an employer to a redundancy or severance scheme (retrospective to 1 July 2006).
3. Defence Force personnel
Wages paid to a person while on military leave as a member of Australia's Defence Forces or the armed forces of any part of the Commonwealth of Nations are exempt.
4. Community development employment project
Wages paid to an Aboriginal person who is employed under a community development employment project funded by the Commonwealth Department of Employment and Workplace Relations, or the Torres Strait Regional Authority, are exempt.
5. Volunteer firefighters and other emergencies
Wages paid or payable to employees who are absent from work to volunteer as firefighters or respond to other emergencies are exempt. This exemption also applies to employers who provide emergency workers volunteering for organisations such as the Country Fire Authority, the State Emergency Service, St Johns Ambulance, Red Cross, Volunteer Coast Guards and Life Saving Victoria.
The exemption will not apply if those employees are away on official leave (e.g. recreation, annual, long service or sick leave).
6. Genuine redundancy or early retirement scheme payments
The income tax-free portion of genuine redundancy payments (previously known as bona fide redundancy payments) or early retirement scheme payments (previously known as approved early retirement scheme payments) is exempt. Our Revenue Ruling explains more about these termination payments.
7. Workers compensation
Payments made by an insurer and compulsory payments required under WorkSafe legislation are exempt.
Make-up pay, being additional wages paid by an employer representing the difference between the employee’s regular pay and the compensation payments, is not exempt.
8. Re-employed apprentices or trainees
Wages are exempt if they are paid or payable to a re-employed apprentice or trainee:
- Whose initial employment stopped prior to the completion of their approved training contract,
- Who has been employed by another employer on or after 1 July 2016, and
- Who is continuing with the same type of approved training contract
An approved training contract is a training contract that complies with the requirements of an approved training scheme. The Victorian Registrations and Qualifications Authority website contains a list of approved training schemes.
The exemption applies irrespective of the length of time between the employment of the apprentice or trainee with the previous employer and the current employer, and only applies for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship.
It is available to each subsequent employer of the apprentice or trainee as they work toward completing their apprenticeship or traineeship.
The exemption is not available where:
- An employer terminates an apprentice or trainee's contract and then re-employs that same person, or
- The current employer is in the same payroll tax group as the previous employer
This exemption is set out in Schedule 2, Clause 16A of the Payroll Tax Act 2007.
Although allowances are generally taxable, motor vehicle, accommodation and living-away-from-home allowances may be fully or partially exempt in some circumstances.
Motor vehicle and overnight accommodation allowances are not taxable to the extent that each of these allowances does not exceed the exempt rate as listed in the following table.
|Period||Motor vehicles allowance
(cents per km)
($ per night)
A living-away-from-home allowance is a fringe benefit so its value for payroll tax purposes is the value determined in accordance with the Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986 (Cth). If the allowance does not qualify as a fringe benefit under this legislation, it must be treated in the same manner as an accommodation allowance.
Reimbursements of business expenses incurred by employees on behalf of their employer are exempt if it has all of the following characteristics:
- At the time of payment, the expense has already been incurred by the employee (if the payment was made in advance, the employee has provided the employer with a receipt relating to the expense and refunded any excess from the advance payment),
- The expenditure by the employee was incurred in the course of the employer's business, and
- The precise amount is reimbursed